What Is Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome?

Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome as the name indicates is the condition in which excessive use of cannabis leads to repeated and severe vomiting. Hyperemesis is the term which describes severe vomiting. As emesis is the medical term used for vomiting. It is a rare condition and occurs due to long term excessive use of cannabis. Marijuana is another name of cannabis. Marijuana and some other Cannabinoids are usually used to treat vomiting and nausea, but if marijuana is administered for a long term at high concentration, then it may cause opposite effects. At high concentration, marijuana or cannabis can cause severe vomiting and nausea.

Cannabis is a plant from which marijuana and hashish is extracted. Marijuana is derived from flowers, dried leaves, seeds and stems of cannabis plant. Hashish is another drug derived from the concentrated resins of cannabis sativa female flower. There are several active substances in marijuana. The main ingredient is tetrahydrocannabinol THC and some related chemicals. These active chemicals of marijuana or cannabis has high affinity to cross blood brain barrier and bind to the receptors of brain. Due to it's affinity to bond with the receptors, it leads to high concentration of cannabis in brain. As a result it leads to Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome.

Not only brain, the gastrointestinal tract also has great affinity to bind with the molecules of cannabis. Cannabis effects the time of digestion of food and time of stomach emptying. It has a direct effect on esophageal sphincter. This sphincter is responsible for passing food from esophagus to stomach. So long term use of marijuana leads to the symptoms of cannabinoids hyperemesis syndrome CHS. It is an illegal drug which is widely used in the United States. Usually the adults are addicted to it. Rare of them develop cannabinoids hyperemesis syndrome because of extensive use of cannabis.

People who use cannabis at least once a day are more prone to cannabinoids hyperemesis syndrome. Vomiting and nausea are the symptoms of various medical problems, so diagnosis is an important part of treatment. There are no. Of tests which are performed to check the presence of cannabis in body. Following tests are performed.

Blood test, pregnancy test, electrolytes test, urine tests and most importantly drug screen. Cannabinoids hyperemesis syndrome is currently discovered, so many of the physicians doesn't know about it. There is another term "cyclical vomiting disorder", most of the health care providers mix cannabinoids hyperemesis syndrome with cyclical vomiting disorder. Because the main symptom i.e. vomiting is same in both cases.

It is a rare condition and still under study. Sometimes it proves fatal for the health of patient, if he doesn't consult with physician on time. Government has banned the use of cannabis or marijuana as it was becoming a major cause of death in adults. Cannabis is a strong drug. Once an adult got addicted to it, he cannot get rid of it easily. It directly effects brain and disturbs the physiological functioning of the whole body.

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